Each time a tooth breaks through or erupts, the skin over the tooth will
become red, swollen and shiny. Some children may find this painful. They
may fuss and have trouble sleeping.
To reduce the pain of teething, the following measures are useful:
Gently but firmly massage or press on your baby's gum with a clean
finger or soft cloth. But stop if this upsets your child more.
Give baby something cold to suck or chew on. If he has started solids,
a frozen banana or a block of ice may be soothing (don't leave a child
on his own with these). You may also try freezing moistened flannel or
plastic teething rings.
Rub teething gel on the gums if the child is very upset. Use as
directed on the packet. Teething gels can be bought over the
counter at local pharmacies. Paracetamol drops or syrup may also
Take your child to the doctor if teething troubles last longer than
three days, or if he has high fever, diarrhoea, sore ears, or refuses to
When your child is ready for tooth brushing, get your child to brush his
pearly whites by giving him a toothbrush that he will absolutely adore: a
"fun" toothbrush with brilliant colours and wacky shapes.
But fun isn't the only requirement; here are other brush essentials
to keep in mind:
Choose a toothbrush that's small enough for your child to hold
comfortably. A long one may strain his arm while brushing.
Look for a small, rounded head. A big-headed brush may not reach
the tight areas of his small mouth.
Go for very soft, polished bristles. Hard bristles can erode the
teeth's enamel and scratch the gums.
Change toothbrush every three months. By then, the bristles are
worn out, less effective, and may also harbor harmful bacteria.
TIP: To prevent cold and flu viruses from being passed among the
family, keep toothbrushes apart by storing in a toothbrush holder with
separate slots for individual brushes to hang upright.